Seville Agreement Supplementary Measures
3.2. The experience of recent operations shows the enormous value of pre-agreed soft forces between the Host National Society, the ICRC and the Federation. The process of negotiating these softs allows for stronger working relationships between parties who are more familiar with each other`s capabilities, systems and instruments. Soft can be seen as precautionary measures that anticipate modified roles and responsibilities in emergency situations. How has the Seville agreement affected the red cross and Red Crescent`s efforts to change the movement`s cooperation? 8.3 The principles set out in Articles 3 and 4 of this agreement can serve as a framework for more detailed bilateral agreements on an ad hoc basis that the ICRC and the Federation wish to conclude for the organisation of their cooperation in certain areas at the institutional or regional level. The Seville Agreement was an agreement drawn up in 1997 by the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement to determine which organization would lead the field operations. It was the latest in several “peace agreements” that attempted to end the turf wars between the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (Federation). Others were designed in 1969, 1974 and 1989. This agreement is more than an operational management instrument or a statement of intent. It initiates a profound change in attitude between members of the same movement: the adoption of a collaborative spirit in which each member of the movement appreciates the contributions of other members as partners in a global humanitarian enterprise. It is a cooperation agreement and not just a division of labour, and it applies to all international activities which, in accordance with the movement`s statutes, must be carried out in close cooperation. It sets clear guidelines for the accomplishment of tasks by members of the movement, using the specific areas of competence and complementary capabilities of each to achieve this as best they can. It ensures the continuity of activities in the event of a change of situation and aims to promote, among the components, a stronger sense of identity, solidarity, mutual trust and shared responsibility.
The movement currently has little pressure to update the Seville agreement. So far, it has been flexible enough to deal with most situations. The movement also adopted a comprehensive strategy in 2001 that strengthens the spirit of Seville. The Seville Agreement, adopted in 1997 by the Council of Delegates, was then heralded as a revolution in the way the Red Cross and Red Crescent would work together in international emergency operations. The preamble referred to a “profound change in attitude” and a “collaborative mind”, which clearly acknowledged that the 1989 agreement between the Federation and the ICRC had not worked well. 4.4. Regional networks can play a crucial role in supporting movements. The International Federation is called upon to coordinate cooperation between national societies in different regions and to facilitate pre-regional arrangements as preparatory actions in the event of an emergency in peacetime requiring international assistance. The ICRC can also participate in such agreements. 7.1.1 National societies, to the extent that their means permit, contribute, through bilateral or multilateral development agreements, to the development of other national societies that need them. Another kind of challenge came to Russia.
As the 2001 report states, “the size of the Russian Federation and the diversity of humanitarian needs in the country required a tailored approach, which requires strict implementation of the agreement, while respecting its main concepts and objectives.” The result was a letter of understanding between the Russian Red Cross, the ICRC and the Federation.