Eu Trade Agreements Bilateral
The Treaty of Lisbon, in force since 1 December 2009, has three effects on the EU`s external trade policy4: first, it broadens and clarifies the EU`s trade competences. Secondly, it strengthens the role of the European Parliament in this policy area. Thirdly, it makes trade policy an integral part of the EU`s `single external action`. Trade agreements differ in content: the high or even growing global economic importance of the EU, North America and Asia-Pacific is largely the result of economic integration within these regions, while the Middle East, Latin America and Africa do not rely as much on intra-regional trade. Given the strong interregional trade relationship between the EU, North America and Asia-Pacific, the three regions can also be considered dominant triads in global trade. Figure 3 also shows significant interregional trade flows between the EU and EU-Europe, the Middle East and Asia-Pacific, and between North America and Latin America. Two factors play a central role: the dependence of the “North” on the natural resources of the “South” and the distance (physical and “cultural”) between regions. Figure 4 shows the diffusion of ASAs between the periods 1958-1989 and 1990-2010. It is based on the number of SAAs notified to GATT/WTO since 1958 and currently in force19 It is demonstrated that the vast majority of bilateral and regional ATPs have entered into force since 1990. From a historical perspective, this development indicates in particular a “revival” of bilateralism in terms of trade policy. The EU manages trade relations with third countries in the form of trade agreements. They have been designed to create better business opportunities and overcome related barriers. 1 Eu world trade excluding internal trade 27.
Switzerland (which has a customs union with Liechtenstein, sometimes contained in agreements) has concluded bilateral agreements with the following countries and blocs: With a strong emphasis on deep integration, the main thrust of the EU`s new trade strategy, announced in October 2006, is competitive regionalism, i.e. competition between different juris dictions, which, through the conclusion of bilateral agreements with priority strategic benefits, is the main thrust of the EU`s new trade strategy announced in October 2006. for himself. Ding Partner. This article outlines the new trade strategy in the light of the changes brought about by the Treaty of Lisbon. A detailed positioning of the EU in the geography of international trade policy will then be presented. Bilateralism in international trade is an ancient phenomenon that preceded the emergence of a multilateral trading system by several decades. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, bilateralism dominated trade policy. It began with the Treaty of Cobden Chevalier (1870) between the United Kingdom and France, around which a complex system of interconnected bilateral trade agreements was set up in Europe. Subsequently, the United States joined this trend through the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act of 1934.
However, unilateral protectionism had already taken over trade policy. .